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孩子經常眨眼也可能是病

來源:紐約時報 編輯:Kelly ?  VIP免費外教試聽課 |  可可官方微信:ikekenet

The clinic often encounters parent counseling: "doctor, my child recently often winks and makes eyes as if he is about to sneeze and cannot hit the appearance, others say that the child is naughty, I checked on the Internet, can not be tourette?"

門診部經常咨詢父母:“醫生,我的孩子最近經常眨眼,就像他不會打噴嚏一樣。其他人說這孩子很淘氣。我在網上查過,難道不是多發性抽動癥嗎?”
Parents' concerns are understandable, but we often miss an important point: children's behaviour needs to be analysed in terms of age and environment.
父母有這樣的擔憂是可以理解的,但是我們經常忽略一個非常重要的問題:孩子的行為需要根據他們的年齡和環境來具體分析。
For example, the 3-6 year old preschooler boy is in the lively, active stage, the performance is strong curiosity, naughty, naughty, attention easily distracted situation, the parents will think the child has "hyperactivity", which is not appropriate.
比如3~6歲學齡前男童正處于活潑、好動的階段,表現為好奇心強、貪玩、調皮、注意力易分散的情況,家長會認為孩子患有“多動癥”,這是不恰當的。
In addition to mischievous naughty, the child loves "wink make eyes" there are many reasons, such as suffering from conjunctivitis, rhinitis, twitch disorder, epilepsy and other diseases, is the need for doctors to make a differential diagnosis.
除了調皮淘氣,孩子愛“擠眉弄眼”的原因還有很多,比如患有結膜炎、鼻炎、抽動障礙、癲癇等疾病,是需要醫生進行鑒別診斷的。

孩子經常眨眼也可能是病.jpg

When parents find that their children behave differently from others, they often think of turning to the Internet for help.

家長在發現孩子有不同于別人的表現時,往往想到的是求助于網絡。
If you find a disease that matches your child's performance, you assume the child has a disease.
如果查到有些疾病和孩子的表現相符,就先入為主地認為孩子患有某種疾病。
In this case, we recommend that parents seek the help of a professional medical professional, do not give their children a "label".
在這種情況下,我們建議家長尋求專業的醫務人員的幫助,切莫給自己孩子亂貼“標簽”。
In addition, if the child frequently appears abnormal "winking" behavior, we should not ignore another disease - twitch disorder.
此外,如果孩子頻繁出現反常的“擠眉弄眼”行為,我們不要忽視另一種疾病——抽動障礙。
This is a neuropsychiatric disease that starts in childhood, with simple or complex involuntary, repetitive, rapid muscle twitching of one or more parts and vocal twitching as the main clinical manifestations, and can be accompanied by varying degrees of hyperactivity, inattention, forced movement or other behavioral symptoms.
這是一種起病于兒童期,以簡單或復雜的不自主、重復、快速的一個或多個部位肌肉抽動和發聲抽動為主要臨床表現的神經精神疾病,可伴有不同程度的多動、注意力不集中、強迫動作或其他行為癥狀。
This disease has obvious genetic tendency, and gender difference is significant, the incidence of boys is higher than girls, more at school age children.
本病具有明顯的遺傳傾向,且性別差異顯著,男孩的發病率高于女孩,多見于學齡期兒童。

重點單詞   查看全部解釋    
professional [prə'feʃənl]

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adj. 職業的,專業的,專門的
n. 專業人

 
understandable [.ʌndə'stændəbl]

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adj. 可理解的,能夠懂的

 
ignore [ig'nɔ:]

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vt. 不顧,不理,忽視

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lively ['laivli]

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活潑的,活躍的,栩栩如生的,真實的

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inattention [,inə'tenʃən]

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n. 不注意;疏忽;粗心

 
performance [pə'fɔ:məns]

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n. 表演,表現; 履行,實行
n. 性能,本

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sneeze [sni:z]

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n. 噴嚏
vi. 打噴嚏

 
differential [.difə'renʃəl]

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adj. 差別的,特定的,微分的 n. 兩路線的運費差額

 
complex ['kɔmpleks]

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adj. 復雜的,復合的,合成的
n. 復合體

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hyperactivity [.haipər'æktiviti]

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n. 活動過度,極度活躍

 
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